Hello My Dear Lovers Of Photography!

Hello My Dear Lovers Of Photography!

I have long since abandoned but now I’m back there are many things that I consume too much time working and being a student at a time is a battle that ultimately give good results.

It is long since I undertake the trip with my lens or rather my language and very unique so: my dogleg street leaving my camera with me to explore the disturbing world filled with vibrant colors and surreal paradises believe that technology and social media are taking me to do a little more conventional am firm believer that no matter many times you take the picture, but what this reflects, a photograph is like putting a play scene that captures the magic of different people, I I’ve thrown has to make a photography lover social media if there was not this term but that’s what I’ve done with my smart phone to photograph the world through a machine that does not weigh much.

In these short vacation I have taken the challenge out once a week with my faithful companion my pretty street has a little more exploring the world so soon I’ll be with new photos, discovering new techniques and implementing some read into Google and carrying into practice some of his tips and tricks. I invite you to take with me he exercised and to discover the wealth of the most wonderful invention of time for me personally is the wonder of the past, the present and the future because it would be in the world but we could catch every one of the incredible things that gives us perhaps many of you have a vague idea about the history if those golden ages of the camera obscura and those characters that were part baroque Victorian speed and have a mark on the world.

Thank Camara

Thank photography

See you later

Smile and say Cheese



Tips for understanding the lighting: Reverse Engineering of portraits

Reverse engineering of photographs as an exercise never hurts to think and learn what other photographers do and ‘discover’ some details that can help us improve. Thinking about the issue of lighting and portraits always there are several elements that can set us for more information than we can see at first glance.The details do matterSay it is not an exact science but when you catch the trick is really fun and interesting. Actually doing this exercise we do is educate our eye, we look for to see a picture and know by looking at certain details read light.

The brightness of the eyes or CatchlightFirst, catchlight sometimes for the layman is confused with the nasty red eye (though even this phenomenon is red), is a mistake and nda further from reality. Catchlight or Shine Eyes is a photographic term used to describe the specular reflected light in the eye of a subject and coming (obviously) of a light source. English also find references looking for ‘Obies’ or ‘eye lights’. Just Obies is a reference to a series of photographs taken to Merle Oberon, actress starred opposite Laurence Olivier’s classic film ‘Wuthering Heights’.

It is a phenomenon that occurs not visually jarring and rejection of the far red eyes. Although it can sometimes be strange and should control it well. As a benefit of this effect focus greater attention on the eyes as well as a contribution of higher dimensionality or volume thereof.The location of the catchlights is determined by the pair of light: more light main light fill. Is its height, angle and distance from a fixed camera that position. The appropriate approach is a reflection of this type for an eye, if we consider the eye as a clock that ideally catchlights appear at 10 or 2.

Through these catchlights can guess if you used an umbrella open or closed, whether it was a softbox square, rectangular, circular or octagonal. That is, the type of primary light source. other details Also by looking at the shadows of the nose, the subject’s clothing or the shadow of the chin can deduce the position of the main light and the rest. At least the lights principals.

When it comes to a larger scene of what may be the common types of picture plane, finding the subject of whole body in conjunction with other elements is usually much more complex. But in addition to following the same technique by following the lights and shadows, we have some more patience.

Focusing on a picture to use, other items that we usually provide much information on rear or side lights are the edges of the face, neck, shoulders, … etc., which can give us an idea of whether you have used other light sources or not.

As you practice and making this kind of ‘reverse engineering’, sure you’ll see that little by little when you see an image you will automatically deducting surely, at least, the main lights used in it. Practice will give good results for sure. source:xatafoto

Five dangers to be avoided to protect your camera

The ideal is to have a sealed, rugged and unconcerned, but even in the case of having one is more aware of those dangers we can best avoid. We can get rid of more of a shock if we avoid some of these dangers for our cameras.

1. Dust and sand

Not only is the abundant sand from the beach, with a bit of breeze can cause the dust particles end up settling not only the sensor but the rest of the chamber with dire consequences. Since it is not easy (or cheap) cleaning, we better secure our camera in open, wind and the dust, but not always too visible, annoy us.To do this, it is always advisable to carry your camera in a suitable bag, tightly closed, and even remotely change targets (for an SLR or CSC), the battery or memory card in an area exposed to wind. However, if we are regulars at risk outdoor dust, sand and the like, it is worth to take our camera to a professional cleaning service. Good maintenance will extend the life of us the same.

2. Water spray or wet environments

It is the most obvious danger and not always the danger is that our camera falls overboard, in a fountain, a pool, in the sea … An accidental spillage is sufficient for the liquid from entering the camera and as you reach the internal circuits we have a problem. Let’s not forget to properly protect your camera in high humidity environments and places, condensation may be fatal. Digital cameras do not get along at all well with moisture.One way to avoid condensation (eg in an area with snow) or moisture accumulation is possible that in the bag where we keep or do transport relocate these sachets of silica gel which is absorbent. If accidentally splashed our camera just dry it quickly and wrapped with a dry cloth and a handful of rice can help us, as an emergency solution. Again, if we suspect that after an accident with liquid has been damaging our camera, the better it checked at a service.And do not forget to find a safe place (and not excessive humidity) at home to save our photographic material. So that may appear also avoid mushrooms.

3. Salt

If the water is bad for a digital camera, it is no less salt. If the splash is salt water damage can be even worse (we may face over time, if you have had some internal component corrosion). And not say if it falls in sea water. It is best to exercise extreme caution if you want to photograph next to salt water or sea, keeping safe and well kept our camera when you’re using and avoiding constantly changing lenses, batteries …

4. Creams and other thick liquids

Something as simple as a liquid mosquito repellent, sunscreen or sunblock are also creams that can damage your camera. Careful when we handle our camera if we cream on the body or hands. It is not easy to remove and damage can also be serious. So we’d better clean your hands. Also be careful in places where chemicals. We always caution can prevent more than a scare.

5. Falls, bumps and jolts

Another obvious danger is easily avoided. Using a belt, either to hang on our neck or wrist but always with the camera securely, especially if you use heavy equipment, bulky (and expensive) will prevent accidentally gravity exert its attraction to the ground and we shrink the heart. It is also important when we are not using your camera and saved the stay safe, or slip and hit the camera in a split second just crashing. We also caution when we go in a vehicle with lots of movement, or any transportation. Always make sure we camera and accessories are well protected in the space provided on our purse or backpack, secure.As we see, are very obvious all these dangers, but surely a shock experience has made us more cautious, so only paying a little care will prevent shocks. There are other dangers that I have not included here as children (real experts in shoot adrenaline as they approach our camera) and the “friends of the alien,” but the quality of being cautious always helps to avoid it.

And further advice save the serial number of your camera, maybe this could be useful to avoid being sold in case of theft, or could use it as a reference for description.source:xatafo

Types of Camera. (Classification)

When we try to classify the types of cameras, we can do it in a comprehensive manner orin a practical way. We approach it in a practical way and try to help the amateur who can not decide on which camera to buy.

When we speak of compact or ultracompact camera, cameras usually referred to rather small, lightweight, whose aim is not removable.

Cameras are usually easy to use, inexpensive and intended for an audience that is initiated into the world of photography. They usually have between 3x optical zoom and 5x for what they are best suited to landscape photography, architectural or anyone who does not require very long focal.


They are perfect for travel, parties or gatherings of friends. To carry it around (not for nothing are called pocket cameras), where it is important to remember whether the photo quality.

Either way some have options for manual, so it may be ideal to start in the world of photography if you have not had any prior contact.

UltraZoom Cameras

Cameras are a little more advanced than before, although its main difference is the ultra-compact optical zoom on these cameras can reach 18x.

They also tend to be larger in size (no longer fit in your pocket), with greater presence. It is a step prior to the DSLR, but we’ll see that they are not comparable.

Still compact cameras, as the goal remains fixed. They are more versatile than the ultra-compact as the optical zoom allows other photographs where used longer focal lengths (Close, nature photography, etc …). They are more expensive than compact and (usually) cheaper than SLR.

The midpoint going, both in size and quality as they begin to see better lenses in the optical. Ideal for anyone looking to point the compact but still does not want to step up to DSLR world.


They are the sisters of the picture. Designed for both advanced amateur to professional.

The main differences with the compact are two:

The first is the reflex viewfinder, thanks to which we can see directly through the lens and not a digital recreation on a screen, just as with the compact.

The second and crucial is that the goals are interchangeable, coming to have a very varied range of focus, qualities and prices.

They are more expensive and heavy, but they are also the more image quality give little to invest in good optics also allow total control of the parameters, so if you really like photography and intend to move forward in this world certainly is your choice. source: xatafoto

Simple tips to improve the composition of our portraits

When addressing the portraits, whether of our loved ones, family, friends or even strangers, be careful many details, but one not always essential that you pay too much attention is the composition. Fundamental to convey feelings, highlight an item or simply to reflect a mood, take good care of the frame helps greatly to improve our portraits.

Although the subject is the main element, we usually worry too, when portraying, take care of basics like lighting, choose a good environment or to achieve the right moment to capture a smile or a look. But sometimes we forget that it is essential to examine carefully the framing stage and select the most appropriate according to our claims.

Let’s review some simple tips to take care of this detail and thereby improve our portraits. As you see, are very simple and just take them into account and experience to see how to achieve optimum results.

Set all the attention on the subject. Sometimes the elements of the environment can be a distraction when observing a picture, so take care not appear tree branches, or anything that takes too much prominence in our composition. If in certain circumstances can not be removed from the frame, as we integrate our portrayed in it, but always giving greater emphasis and only we add objects or backgrounds that add visual interest. Or you can serve to add information about the subject itself.

Caring for the fund:  It’s very basic, but you have to study it well. Sometimes we find a neutral background for a detailed picture, we must then use a large aperture opening to achieve an appropriate blur. Still, not bad to take multiple shots with different angles to see which fund (more or less out of focus) is more appropriate.

Experiment with different angles: As just discussed, sometimes by simply moving the camera to a position higher or lower we can do much to improve matters. Caring perspective, moving slightly and making our turn the neck slightly portrayed can achieve better results and eliminate background elements that can distract.

Fill the frame: It is more common in beginners to take full-length portraits, but we must try to close and fill the frame with the face of our sitter. It is something that is not to be afraid, because sometimes a great foreground, with a deep look or a nice smile can be a great portrait.

Keep your eyes on the upper third of the frame (or not). Is a norm, a rule inherited from the painting, which just makes for more natural portraits. But, as always insist, we can skip the rules and experiment. You can get more original and striking portraits if we make an exception to this.

And as always discussed, the important thing is to put all this into practice. Try it, shoot lots of pictures and let’s not forget that the most important in a portrait is the subject. So always try to make the best of them, capturing its essence through his eyes.

(Photography: By Ameno Cordova)

Tripod: We must ask the question what has to have a good tripod?.


The tripod is a necessary accessory to prevent camera shake that occurs in photos that require long exposure times or under conditions where the light is not as abundant as we would like. It is also very useful when you want to do a group photo and we want to be in it.

Now we know we need a tripod, we must ask the question what has to have a good tripod?.

 What conditions must meet a tripod to be really good?

Stability: This is the first condition on a good tripod. Before venturing to buy one, I make sure to check how much weight and what kind of camera can withstand, as a tripod ready for a compact camera, you will spend hard time to hold an SLR.

Weight and Size: We consider this feature a lot if we are to carry it. Today there are many tripods made of very resistant aluminum and magnesium. But if you skimp too much on our budget, it may be too weak or too heavy.

Type of head: The part that look at the camera. Bring cheaper tripods headstock, while the most advanced offer us the possibility to exchange heads. Keep in mind the kind of tripod you need and decide if you need to change head or not. The most important part is the ball head, which allows us to get different angles, inclinations and axis of rotation.

Now let’s see some tripods:

The Hama Star 8 Mono is a monopod that will help us stabilize our camera in action photography, in which we can not take several minutes to stabilize the tripod and let the camera steady. This option is also very economical and lightweight, it weighs only 250g.

It is divided into 5 sections and is over 40 inches folded to 1.4 meters if we open it to the fullest.

Fancier FT6662A

It is one of the cheapest options that we can buy and with a relatively acceptable quality. It is an aluminum tripod a Chinese company, but with a build quality to which we are accustomed to the Chinese. Comes with carrying bag is 4 sections (allowing you to spend less folded). Furthermore, the central bar is removable.

On the other hand, at the tip of the legs with metal spikes (to work on the street) and removable rubber parts (to avoid scratching the floor of house). As a bonus, on top has a spirit level and compass.


While the Gorillapod can not be classified as a tripod as often we know, the truth is that it does its job and is a choice of the most original and effective. The Gorillapod is characterized by offering us the chance to grab our camera just about anywhere. It is also very light and we can choose in different sizes to support the weight of any type of camera (compact or SLR from a video camera)

Hama Omega Premium

This Hama tripod is now a more professional option, costing far more than we had seen. This is a tripod made of aluminum, faster system dismantled and move column gear. This means that to raise or lower the tripod we will use a crank that will bring us more accurately and quickly to adjust the nut of the typical tripod.

We can also use video cameras, which will benefit enough from the column gear when recording video. Has a maximum height of 1.48 meters and supports a camera up to 4 kg.

Slik Pro 700 DX

In this case we’re talking about a professional tripod, and its price tells us quite clearly. Is composed of an aluminum-magnesium alloy and titanium, has a locking lever is adjustable to a maximum height of 1.9 meters.

Furthermore, we can afford to adjust your camera quite heavy with a good telephoto, it supports up to 7 kg

Manfrotto 055CX3 – 

This tripod is a Manfrotto tripod high level. So much so that the body is worth 250 Euros, but the ball apart. If we change our ball tripod and preserve ancient parts, this is a great option that stands out for its quality of construction materials.

It is built in carbon fiber and can rise up to 1.7 meters. Also weighs very little, only 800 grams source:xatafoto

What camera do I need?

This is probably the big question we all ask before you afford to buy a digital camera: What camera do I need? What camera should I buy?. In this article, try to see what the correct way to afford to buy YOUR perfect camera. We begin:

If we intend to buy a camera, the first thing you should think is: What do I love? What types of photos I want to do? What I have photographic aspirations?.

If we have clear answers, the election will certainly be much easier. Not the same want a camera for taking pictures with friends, for use in nature photography, for example.

Once you have decided what kind of camera comes better, knowing the advantages and disadvantages of each, we follow a common guideline to make a good choice. Let’s look:

FIRST: The camera is NOT better because it has more megapixels.

This is probably the most common mistake all you’re buying a digital camera for the first time, so I’ll say it loud and clear, mega pixel NOT MEASURE THE QUALITY OF A CAMERA simply give us the final size of the picture. The absurd war of megapixels is more a marketing argument than anything else and can be useful only for certain types of work or work with large increases in the subsequent reframing is essential. Therefore, less megapixels and better quality lens, sensor, etc …

Look in this press release published by the New York Times and terminareis to convince you. A 5 megapixel camera is sufficient for 99% of amateur photographers.

Comparison of sizes depending on the megapixel

SECOND: The most expensive is not necessarily best for you.

Many times we make the mistake of going in search of more expensive camera, within our budget, believed to be the best. But it is certainly wiser to think what are the features I want to take the camera and from there, initiating the search.

For instance, a camera can go up in price by having video recording, but maybe we are not interested in that property for any reason, so it would be absurd to pay for it, do not you think?. Similarly the same camera may not have that role that really interests us, so that ultimately we have not done a good buy.

So we have to be consistent with what we want to provide the camera and find one that best suits our needs.

THIRD: manual controls, SI: Whenever we try to master the camera and learn photography that we seek a management options available in manual (M) or at least we can control the exposure time (S or Tv) and aperture target (A or Av). The more advanced the camera easier it is to have these types of controls.

FOURTH: quality = optical image quality. Obviously there are many factors that influence the final quality of a picture, but it is clear that if we have a good lens, the image quality will also be, therefore, is an important feature if we are clear and quality photos.

Normally, major brands of cameras like Canon, Nikon, Olympus, etc … good optics mount, but if you go to secondary brands have to see who made them and that quality optics have.

As we see in the picture many times we see it in front of goal. Although we shall see below, the quality of a lens depends on the types of lenses mounted (aspherical, low dispersion glass, etc …) and the brightness of the lens itself. The more light the better (f values as low as possible).

FIFTH: Other important features: In addition to the 4 main points that we have seen, digital cameras offer a multitude of features. I tell some of the most important to keep in mind to decide finally by a model.

a. Zoom: never will look at the digital zoom, optical zoom only. The digital zoom is equivalent to increase the photo with photoshop so always have quality loss. If we look for cameras with long zoom, it would be interesting that the camera is optical image stabilizer to prevent trepidadas photos.

b. The role of video: In compact ultrazoom is a cool feature and almost by default, but with limitations. In the SLR does not exist. If you like this feature, try the videos are at least 640 × 480 at 25fps with sound.

c. RAW: This is the equivalent to the negative of analog cameras, this format stores much more information than a simple. Jpg, so if you are someone who like the photo editing you find a camera with these files.

d. Batteries: It is usually better than the camera is powered from a battery to do so through batteries, but the ideal would be to allow both. If ever we ran out of battery, the battery could get us out of trouble. If you only use batteries, the best, buy rechargeable batteries.

e. Size counts: Whether SLR or compact, we often get lazy if the camera is very bulky and heavy, so is a factor to be taken into account when choosing. source:xatakafoto

File Types


Many of us will sound files GIF, PSD, PNG, TIFF, DNG, RAW and JPEG, the latter the most widespread and used from the internet to spread. And others as something less than HD Photo, DjVu and OpenDocument.Todos they belong to digital images with different characteristics between them. We will describe:


It is a format designed by Compu Serve and stands for Graphic Interchange Format English (Graphic Interchange Format), you can store up to 256 colors, so it belongs to simple images such as drawings, stripes, woven and weight is minimal. It is cross platform and is commonly used in Internet logos (supports animation), but due to its simplicity, is less frequent every day.


Portable Network Graphics in a graphical format based on a lossless compression algorithm was developed to address the shortcomings of the GIF and allows greater depth of contrast. It is a format with no loss of quality with excellent compression, ideal for images formed by large areas of flat color or with little variation in color (and support transparency). Its features make it ideal for use on the Internet, but has not had the expected expansion (some browsers do not display correctly).


It is a file created by the famous and extended editing software and photo editor Adobe Photoshop. Is your native file and therefore its use is limited to this program (although others may also open).


Tagged Image File Format (its extension is TIF) is a format for high-resolution image based on tags. It is used for the universal interchange of digital images and is widely used, and can be monochrome, grayscale or color of 8 and 24 bits. It can be compressed (though not recommended) and is ideal for digital photography, but increasingly it is used less in the photographic process. Until recently some models of cameras (especially SLRs) worked with this format, but has been losing ground to the JPEG. Disadvantages: bulky and do not allow change settings such as white balance or exposure. In contrast advantage is that it is widely accepted editing programs, its use is widespread and provides no losses each time you save time and again.


Joint Photographic Experts Group identifies files that contain images and is best used for storing, displaying and sharing photos. It was designed to compress images with 24 bits or grayscale. It is a standard for online image management and therefore, its use has expanded, along with the rise of digital photography. Is the file type that produce almost all of the cameras and uses the initials JPG extension.

When the camera takes an image in JPEG format applied when processing certain parameters such as sharpening, noise reduction, contrast, saturation, etc.. As each camera will do differently. Currently the enormous resolution of almost obliged to use machines because they generate huge files with JPEG compression have (with loss).

Its main advantages are: no need for further processing, occupy less space, are compatible with all programs and displayed on different platforms, shooting in JPEG is faster and allows the camera to faster processing and are therefore ideal for fire in bursts, with the least compression provides high quality (if you have taken the image with exposure settings and white balance appropriate) without retouching. As main disadvantage is the fact that its compression is lossy, which is growing as we keep on the same file, plus it allows little flexibility.


It is a raw image format used by digital cameras and contains all the original information captured by the camera (usually no compression, although some manufacturers incorporate it). Designed more as a concept, Caada manufacturer uses its own raw file (there is no dominant standard and there are nearly a hundred, varying even within the same manufacturer in different models) that can be distinguished by their extensions: RAF (Fuji), CRW ( Canon), NEF (Nikon), ORF (Olympus), PTX (Pentax), RAW (Panasonic), ARW (Sony), … Needs to be processed (disclosed) by software that supports it and is often called the Digital Negative (by analogy with traditional photography).

The current trend of digital photography is aimed at extending the use of RAW files because they allow greater control by the user, as it contains raw data from the camera sensor. Technically there are still image files, since they must be processed by a program that interprets the data. By the way, each software does so in a different way, so results may vary when opened with Adobe Camera Raw Apple Aperture (to name a few) or the program that each manufacturer provides us with the camera.

Its main advantages are the flexibility to adjust the white balance and exposure, lighting, etc.. As mentioned disadvantage is the lack of standardization, that require processing by a program compatible and requires converting to another format for sharing over the Internet, by its enormous weight.


Emerged in 2005 as an attempt to standardize RAW, being open, free and non-proprietary. In the photographic format war is postulated to be the most rational, since each manufacturer’s RAW files are closed.


Digital Negative is a file type created by Adobe (using the limited expansion of OpenRAW) and need to generate a standard RAW photo files and preserve such records for the future, if a manufacturer ceases to provide service to its format. Allows great flexibility to work on any system images and uses lossless compression.

As mentioned, the roads is taking digital photography will discard some for other formats, for greater flexibility, standardization and ease of use. It is possible that within a few years get a universal format for which OpenRAW or DNG (RAW or other generic display) is the ideal, but it is an endeavor complicated by the different interests of different manufacturers. Today, JPG and RAW files are the most widespread and there is no one better than another, as some are better suited to the needs of those users, but recognize that it is advisable to use raw files, although requiring to have some knowledge processing and management requires more time.

History of Photography

Photography is the art of painting with light

With the passage of time photography has evolved steadily each day are more technological resources to improve their quality, but the picture would be today if the discovery of the XIX of this tendency I focused on artistic objectivity naturally imitate the reality.

Although considered to Nicephore Niépce the father of photography, note that to be the result of many attempts invention, in the field of physics and chemistry, tested at the same time in different countries, Fox Talbot and Hippolyte Bayard worth sharing that parenthood.

The pinhole camera:
The principle of the pinhole camera and mentions Aristotle and the Arabic optical Alhazan eleventh century. This principle was applied to observe solar eclipses.
Roger Bacon studied in 1267 and was accused of evoking the dead by the ecclesiastical court.
Around 1515 Leonardo Da Vinci provides a detailed description of the camera obscura:
“When images of illuminated objects penetrate through a hole in a dark room, you will receive these images inside the room … appear decreased in size. Be presented in an inverted position …”

In 1550, the Milanese Girolamo Cardano added to the chamber a glass disk. And Giambattista Della Porta his pupil mentions the use of the camera obscura to project images onto a white wall in order to get pictures.

“Moon Cornata”

Since ancient times it was known that silver salts darken under the action of light and the medieval alchemists called the chloride of silver “moon cornata”.
In 1727 the German Schulze discovered the property of black light, which has a mixture of chalk, etching and silver nitrate. But they often point to the Swedish Schelle (1747-1786) as the first systematic student of these chemical reactions.
French physicist Jacques-Alexandre-César Charles (1746-1823) gets the first silhouette on a paper impregnated with silver salts. In 1802 the Englishman Thomas Wedgwood improved the French experiment, but images can only be referred to the shade for a few minutes (they lacked a fixative).
In 1819 the astronomer John Herschel states that you can use the hyposulphite of soda as a fixer of silver salts, but can not think of applying to the experiments of Wedgwood.
It was in 1826 when Joseph finally gets Nicephore Niépce first chemical formula that will fix an image on a permanent basis.

The company Niépce – Daguerre:
On December 14, 1829 Louis-Jacques Mandé Daguerre forms a partnership withNiépce in which Niépce was recognized as the inventor of:
“A new medium for setting the view that nature provides without having to resort to an artist”

Daguerre did not provide more than an alleged improvement of the camera obscura andpromised to improve the blueprint.
On July 3, 1833, in his study of Saint-Loup-de-Varennes, Niépce dies.
In the years 1835 and 1837 Daguerre made changes to the association, with the consent of Isidore (son of Joseph-Nicephore Niepce), and thereafter only the name of Daguerreand is called the daguerreotype process.
In 1838 Daguerre disclosed the invention, minimizing the role of Niépce.
Isidore Niépce in 1841 published the book “Historique de la découverte improprementnommée Daguerreotype”, which revealed the true facts. But when Daguerre died in 1851, the Society of Fine Arts gave him a grave-monument with the following inscription:”Daguerre, painter, chemist, inventor of photography”.
In 1867 Victor Fouque published clearly the facts of the discovery, restoring the truth.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

The picture is the carrier of memories. As the newspaper Lumiere in the year of 1939:
As of today we can travel without moving